11 February 2020

Conventional and organic soil management as divergent drivers of resident and active fractions of major soil food web constituents

“Conventional agricultural production systems, typified by large inputs of mineral fertilizers and pesticides, reduce soil biodiversity and may negatively affect ecosystem services such as carbon fixation, nutrient cycling and disease suppressiveness. Organic soil management is thought to contribute to a more diverse and stable soil food web, but data detailing this effect are sparse and fragmented. We set out to map both the resident (rDNA) and the active (rRNA) fractions of bacterial, fungal, protozoan and metazoan communities under various soil management regimes in two distinct soil types with barley as the main crop. Contrasts between resident and active communities explained 22%, 14%, 21% and 25% of the variance within the bacterial, fungal, protozoan, and metazoan communities. As the active fractions of organismal groups define the actual ecological functioning of soils, our findings underline the relevance of characterizing both resident and active pools. All four major organismal groups were affected by soil management (p 

(Citaat: Harkes, P., Suleiman, A.K.A., et al. – Conventional and organic soil management as divergent drivers of resident and active fractions of major soil food web constituents – Scientific Reports 9(2019)1, art. no. 13521 – DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-49854-y – (Open Access))

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