To steer the transition to a circular economy it is important to set targets. However, so far current policy targets aiming at e.g. recovery and recycling do not necessarily promote a circular economy. To bridge this gap, Morseletto (2020) presents CE targets that reduce waste, increase eﬃciency, close production loops, and maximise retention of the economic value of materials and products.
“New targets are needed because existing are limited to a few issues (e.g. recycling, eﬃciency improvement) and only cover limited arrays of CE solutions, such as recycling or eﬃciency (Ranta et al., 2018; Bjørn et al., 2017; Milios, 2016). However, CE goes beyond these solutions; it involves aspects like closed loops or value retention at higher levels (e.g. long-life, remanufacturing, etc.), which should be considered in a systematic analysis.”